how to crate train your puppy effectively will help to resolve many
of the problems that can occur during the growing up process from
puppy to adult dog. Crate training is possibly the most effective
method of potty training as well as ensuring that the crate is a
safe haven for your puppy.
Starting crate training early will pay dividends by removing many of
the problems that can arise in the future and is based on the fact
that a puppy's natural instinct is not to soil where it eats and
Although early crate training is recommended, note that puppies less
than twelve weeks old have very little bladder control so take this
into consideration. Puppies younger than nine weeks have even less
and need the toilet more frequently so it is not advisable to crate
train at such an early age. The minimum recommended age for crate
training for the majority of puppies is ten weeks.
Since a puppy will carry out toilet functions soon after it awakens
from sleep or eats a meal, a schedule can be planned around these
periods. By doing this, the training can be organized more easily.
Before you crate train your puppy, you should ensure that the crate
is of the correct proportions for your puppy. It should be big
enough so that your puppy can turn around and lie down easily. It
should also be big enough to contain a blanket, a bowl of fresh
water and a toy to play with. This will help the puppy feel secure
without being too confined. If the crate is too big, however, the
puppy will be far more likely to dirty its surroundings.
A mistake that is often made by inexperienced owners when crate
training is to remove the puppy whenever it cries or whines. This
should be avoided or it could lead to the puppy associating the
crate with some form of punishment, instead of the happy and secure
environment it should provide. It is very common when the puppy is
first introduced to the crate to whimper but if you ignore it, your
patience will be rewarded. Introduce your puppy to the crate in
small time intervals, for example 5 to 10 minutes initially,
increasing to 15 minutes, then for longer periods as required. Never
use the crate as punishment and remember to only remove your puppy
from the crate when it is not crying or whining.
Initially, the crate should be placed near to you when you are at
home so that your puppy does not feel alone or isolated. At a later
date when your puppy is crate trained, it can be moved to a more
There will always be times during crate training when accidents
happen. Your puppy doesn't have the same control as a grown dog so
these are to be expected. Never punish your puppy for these
mistakes. Not only for that reason but also because you do not want
to associate the crate with punishment. It is meant to be a safe and
comfortable haven for your puppy. This can also be reinforced with
reward training. Then, once your puppy understands that the crate is
a place of safety and comfort, it will be happy to enter it freely
on its own.