Choosing A Puppy - Information and Puppy Guidelines


When choosing a puppy, it is important to consider what it will be like when it becomes a fully grown dog. Will it need lots of exercise, lots of food, or will it be good with children?

Both your lifestyle and personality should be taken into consideration before making your choice. A good analogy would be choosing a partner to match your habits and character. Are you active or more of a couch potato type?

When grown, will that adorable puppy be a family pet, serious guard or maybe a little of both?

Shown below are a few things to think about when choosing a puppy.

Small – Chihuahua, Jack Russell, Miniature dachshund, Pomeranian, Pekingese, Pug, Yorkshire Terrier
Medium – Beagle, Border Collie, Boston Terrier, Cocker Spaniel, Dalmatian, Whippet
Large – Afghan Hound, Bullmastiff, Great Dane, Irish Wolfhound, Old English Sheep Dog, Rottweiler, Saint Bernard
Intelligent - German Shepherd, Australian Sheepdog, Belgian Sheepdog, Poodle
Good with Children – Beagle, Basset Hound, Cocker Spaniel, Pug, Old English Sheepdog
Requires Little Exercise – Dachshund, French Bulldog, Toy Breeds (Chihuahua, Pekingese, etc.)
Good for the City – Basenji, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, Welsh Corgi, Scottish Terrier, Pug
Very Friendly – Spaniel, Bearded Collie, Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever
Quiet – Borzoi, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Whippet

Every puppy has its own individual character and temperament and those shown above are only a general guideline. It is well worth speaking with friends and relatives who own dogs to glean some useful information and advice. The above guidelines are shown for pedigree dogs. It would be much more difficult to show the general characteristics for mixed and cross breeds because of the huge variety of dog breeds today.

When deciding on the breed you want whether it be pedigree or mixed breed, always ensure that you do your homework first. Learn as much as possible about what you want. That way you will be more likely to get what's most suitable for you both.


Casper shown above is a cross between a greyhound and a whippet. Don't let the cool look fool you. Although loveable, he is very mischievous and has a liking for plastic bottles and bunny rabbits.


Once you have decided on the breed of dog that's right for you, find a respected breeder or better still, someone who has been recommended to you.

If you are choosing a puppy from a litter, shown below are some guidelines you may wish to follow.

During the selection process, firstly observe the litter without disturbing any of the pups.

Look for an active or playful puppy but not one that is overly dominant with the others. You may find a very dominant puppy more difficult to train and settle into your home.

Carry out a visual health check of each puppy ensuring that they are nice and round but not fat. Avoid any skinny looking pups at all cost.

You can now take a closer look, paying attention to the eyes, ears, gums and teeth. The eyes should be bright and the coat should be clean and shiny.

Avoid any shy or fearful pups which is a very undesirable trait at this early age.

Once you have chosen your puppy dog and taken it home, the learning begins and it's time to look at some training tips.



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